How to Fix Exchange Error 1022?

Are you trying to access something from an Exchange database, but getting the 1022 JET_errDiskIO error instead? Well, you might not know, but this is a common physical error that is associated with MS Exchange. After getting the 1022 server error, even admins are not able to perform read/write operations in the database. Don’t worry – in this post, I will let you know how to fix error 1022 in an Exchange database in different ways.

MS Exchange Error 1022

Part 1: What Does the Exchange Error 1022 JET_errDiskIO Mean?

While working on your Exchange database, you might get the 1022 JET_errDiskIO error message that can halt or dismiss your request. Ideally, the error usually occurs when Exchange can’t access the saved EDB files in the server.

As you know, all the data in an Exchange server is stored in the form of EDB files that are based on a B-tree. Now, if there is an issue with the system’s hardware, its connection is lost, or any other incident has stopped the read/write attempts, then it can lead to the 1022 Error in Exchange.

MS Exchange Jet Error 1022

Part 2: What are The Causes of Exchange Error 1022 JET_errDiskIO?

In most cases, the 1022 JET_errDiskIO error can take place due to either of the following reasons:

  • Hardware Failure

Chances are that there could be a hardware-related issue in the database, causing this inaccessibility error. For instance, the hardware could be damaged, or you can have loose connections in the system too.

  • Improper Log

Exchange databases are based on a transaction log to monitor all the read/write operations. Therefore, if the transaction log has been corrupted, then it can lead to 1022 JET_errDiskIO.

  • Corrupt Database

Needless to say, if any EDB file has been corrupted, then you might find it hard to access its content in your system.

  • Other Issues

Apart from that, the 1022 JET_errDISKIO error can also happen due to any third-party issue, device failure, action timeout, missing data, improper scheduling of tasks, and so on.

Part 3: How to Fix Error 1022 in an Exchange Server 2010/2013/2016/2019?

If you want to fix error 1022 in an Exchange server 2010/2013/2016/2019, then you can try either of these solutions that are recommended by experts.

Solution 1: Restore EDB Files from a Backup and Mount your Database

The easiest way to fix error 1022 in an Exchange server would be extracting its existing files from a backup. To do this, you can use the inbuilt Backup and Restore feature of Exchange or try any other third-party application. It is a simple click-through process that you can follow to restore data from any online or connected backup source.

Restore MS Exchange Backup

Once you have restored the backup content of your Exchange server, you might have to mount it again. To do that, you can just go to the admin panel of Exchange, select your database, and click on the three-dot icon from the top. From here, you can just click on the “Mount” button and wait as Exchange would prepare a new copy of your database.

Mount MS Exchange Database

Solution 2: Use the Inbuilt Utility Command of MS Exchange

To help us fix error 1022 in an Exchange server (and other related issues), Microsoft has come up with Exchange Server Database Utility (the ESEUTIL command). Therefore, if you have the admin rights to the system, then you can just load the command utility and try to fix numerous issues with your EDB files in the following way:

Step 1: Load Command Prompt and the Exchange Utility

Firstly, just go to the Start menu, open the Run prompt, and enter the “Cmd” command to launch the Command Prompt.

Launch Command Prompt

Afterward, you can just enter the “Eseutil.exe” command that would load all the vital utilities of MS Exchange.

Step 2: Repair your Exchange Database

Great! Now, all you need to do is enter the “Eseutil/r” command to fix error 1022 in an Exchange server. It will perform a soft repair and would try to fix minor issues with your EDB files.

If that doesn’t work, then you can use the “Eseutil/p” command instead to do a hard repair of the database. Please note that both these commands are followed by the full location and name of the EDB file that you want to repair.

Eseutil Repairing EDB Files

Step 3: Perform an Integrity and Fragmentation Check

Lastly, you need to check that there are no integrity or fragmentation errors with your EDB files. To do that, you can enter the “Eseutil/d” command followed by the location and name of the EDB file to resolve logical errors from it.

Eseutil Logical Error Check

You can also enter the following command that would perform a thorough integrity check on the database and will make sure there are no dependability issues.

ISINTEG –s <servername> –fix –tests alltests

Exchange Server Integrity Check

Solution 3: Fix your Corrupt EDB Files with Stellar Repair for Exchange

In case your Exchange files are corrupted or damaged, then you can use a professional tool like Stellar Repair for Exchange. The dedicated desktop application can fix error 1022 in an Exchange server 2010/2013/2016/2019 and numerous other issues as well. While doing so, it will make sure that all the existing data (like your mails, contacts, attachments, etc.) in your EDB files would be retained.

You can also get a preview of the repaired EDB files in advance on the native interface of Stellar Repair for Exchange. The application offers two repairing modes – Quick and Advanced that can fix every kind of minor or major issue with your EDB files in the following way.

Step 1: Load the Corrupt EDB File on Stellar Repair for Exchange

To fix error 1022 in an Exchange server, you just have to launch Stellar Repair for Exchange and click on the option to select EDB files. As a pop-up window will open, you can manually browse corrupt EDB files and load them on the application.

Stellar Exchange Repair Load Files

Step 2: Repair your EDB Files and Preview the Results

Once you have loaded the EDB files, you can check their details, and click on the “Next” button to start the process.

Stellar Exchange Repair Start Process

At first, the application will let you select a repairing mode for EDB files – Quick or Advanced. The Quick Mode is recommended to fix minor issues with corrupt EDB files while the Advanced More can resolve all sorts of critical problems.

Stellar Exchange Repair Modes

After selecting a repairing mode, you can just wait for the process to be completed. In the end, you can preview the results and check your Exchange data sorted in different categories.

Stellar Exchange Repair Preview Data

Step 3: Export the Repaired Exchange Data

You can now just click on the “Save” button from the toolbar that would present options to export your Exchange data in different formats like EDB, EML, PST, and so on. You can select any preferred format and choose to save your Exchange data to any secure location on your system.

Stellar Exchange Repair Export Data

As you can see, there can be so many triggers for the occurrence of the 1022 JET_errDiskIP error in an Exchange database. In most cases, it is possible to fix Error 1022 in an Exchange server by simply loading the EDB files from an existing backup. Though, if there is a more severe issue, then you can try the inbuilt utility command of MS Exchange. If you want to fix Error 1022 in an Exchange server 2010/2013/2016/2019 in a more effective manner, then Stellar Repair for Exchange can also be used.